Most people have heard of the 4Cs but they don’t really know what they mean. The first “C” is the carat weight. Many people buy a one carat, a one and a half carat, or a two carat for their engagement ring. All diamonds are measured by their carat weight. The next “C” is the clarity. There are twelve clarity grades and they are all graded with a 10x magnification. Most people do not mind if there are some inclusions or imperfections that can only be seen under the microscope. The most common clarity that we sell is VS2, SI1, or SI2. There is really no reason to buy a Flawless or Internally Flawless diamond. These are so rare that you normally do not see these clarity grades and there is no guarantee that they will be more beautiful than another clarity. The next “C” is the color. There are 23 white color grades that start at “D” and end with “Z”. Yes, a G color diamond is gorgeous, but some people prefer a well-cut J color. What’s wrong with a little color? When the light hits the pavillion main facets and bounces out of the table and crown of the diamond it is truly a beautiful sight. The last “C” is cut. You want your diamond to display the rich hues of the rainbow known as scintillation and dispersion of light. The beauty of a diamond is really the combination of these 4 Cs. We can help you determine the perfect 4Cs for you.

In today’s diamond engagement ring market, the average person is looking for around a 1.00 carat diamond, and in the near colorless range and SI-1 to SI-2 clarity. You don’t have to have a D color and flawless clarity to have a beautiful diamond. At Five Star Jewelry we carry GIA and EGL certified diamonds and we have a Graduate Gemologist and Certified Senior Appraiser of diamonds and jewelry. They are diamond experts that can help you choose the right diamond for you. What is important to you? Better yet, what is important to her? Pay attention to what diamond shape she speaks about to her girlfriends. Does she want a halo or a simple solitaire? How do you feel about platinum vs. white gold? These are all great questions that we can help you with. As trained diamond experts this is what we do on a daily basis. We would love to help make your future brides dreams come true!

Diamond Education

When shopping for a diamond, it is important to know how they are evaluated. Our comprehensive guide helps you understand the most important characteristics-carat, color, clarity, cut, and more-to ensure the maximum quality and value of your selection.

We hope this information will help you make a confident, informed buying decision. To get started, please choose from one of the topics below or begin with a brief overview of the 4C’s of diamonds with our new infographic.

Diamond Shape

A diamond’s shape is one of its most important defining characteristics. From the round brilliant diamond to the princess cut, we’ll help you choose the shape that complements your style.

Diamond Color

Graded on an alphabetical scale from D (colorless) to Z (light yellow), a diamond’s color rating indicates the degree of yellowness in the stone. The most valuable diamond is completely colorless.

Diamond Clarity

A diamond’s clarity indicates the presence or absence of inclusions and blemishes within the stone. Gemologists determine a diamond’s clarity by examining it under a magnifying lens.

Diamond Carat

The carat is the unit of measurement for a diamond’s weight. Larger diamonds are rarer and more valuable than smaller ones when all other characteristics are of equal quality.

Diamond Cut

A high-quality cut and polish will result in a symmetrical, brilliant diamond that reflects maximum fire and sparkle.

Diamond Certification

A Diamond Grading Report includes all of the stone’s defining characteristics and scores. Any loose diamond purchase should be accompanied by a certified report.

Diamond Fluorescence

A loose diamond with fluorescence will emit a soft, bluish glow when placed under UV or ultraviolet light.

Diamond Girdle

The girdle is the thin perimeter of a diamond (widest point), dividing the crown from the pavilion.

Diamond Culet

The culet is the tiny facet or point at the base of a diamond’s pavilion, where the pavilion facets meet.